Top 100 Java Interview Questions - 2

We have prepared a set of frequently asked Core Java interview questions to help Freshers and Experienced Java developers in their preparations for Interview.

You will find these questions very helpful in your Java/OOPs interviews. Prepare well and All the very best.

All the feedbacks and suggestions are most welocome.

  1. Give an example of use of Pointers in Java class.

    Ans: There are no pointers in Java. So we can't use concept of pointers in Java.
  2. How can we restrict inheritance for a class so that no class can be inherited from it?

    Ans: If we want a class not to be extended further by any class, we can use the keyword Final with the
    class name.
    In the following example, Stone class is Final and can not be extended:
      public Final Class Stone {
        // Class methods and Variables
  3. What's the access scope of Protected Access specifier?

    Ans: When a method or a variable is declared with Protected access specifier, it becomes accessible in the
    same class,any other class of the same package as well as a sub-class.

    **** Access Levels ******

    Modifier Class Package SubClass World
    public Y Y Y Y
    protected Y Y Y N
    no modifier Y Y N N
    private Y N N N
  4. What's difference between Stack and Queue?

    Ans: Stack and Queue both are used as placeholder for a collection of data. The primary difference between
     a stack and a queue is that stack is based on Last in First out (LIFO) principle while a queue is based on
     FIFO (First In First Out) principle.
  5. In java, how we can disallow serialization of variables?

    Ans: If we want certain variables of a class not to be serialized, we can use the keyword transient while
    declaring them. For example, the variable trans_var below is a transient variable and can not be serialized:
    public class transientExample {
      private transient trans_var;
      // rest of the code 
  6. How can we use primitive data types as objects?

    Ans: Primitive data types like int can be handled as objects by the use of their respective wrapper classes.
    For example, Integer is a wrapper class for primitive data type int. We can apply different methods to a
    wrapper class, just like any other object.
  7. Which types of exceptions are caught at compile time?

    Ans: Checked exceptions can be caught at the time of program compilation. Checked exceptions must be
    handled by using try catch block in the code in order to successfully compile the code.
  8. Describe different states of a thread.

    Ans: A thread in Java can be in either of the following states:
        Ready: When a thread is created, it is in Ready state.
        Running: A thread currently being executed is in running state.
        Waiting: A thread waiting for another thread to free certain resources is in waiting state.
        Dead: A thread which has gone dead after execution is in dead state.
  9. Can we use a default constructor of a class even if an explicit constructor is defined?

    Ans: Java provides a default no argument constructor if no explicit constructor is defined in a Java class.
    But if an explicit constructor has been defined, default constructor can not be invoked and developer can
    use only those constructors which are defined in the class.
  10. Can we override a method by using same method name and arguments but different return types?

    Ans: The basic condition of method overriding is that method name, arguments as well as return type must be
    exactly same as is that of the method being overridden. Hence usinga different return type does not
    override a method.
  11. What will be the output of following piece of code?

    public class operatorExample {
      public static void main(String args[]) {
          int x=4;

    Ans: In this case postfix ++ operator is used which first returns the value and then increments. Hence
    the output will be 4.
  12. A person says that he compiled a java class successfully without even having a main method in it? Is it possible?

    Ans: main method is an entry point of Java class and is required for execution of the program.
    However a class gets compiled successfully even if it does not have a main method. It can not be run though.
  13. Can we call a non-static method from inside a static method?

    Ans: Non-Static methods are owned by objects of a class and have object level scope and in order to call
    the non-Static methods from a static block (like froma static main method), an object of the class needs
    to be created first. Then using object reference, these methods can be invoked.
  14. What are the two environment variables that must be set in order to run any Java programs?

    Ans: Java programs can be executed in a machine only once following two environment variables have been
    properly set:
        1. PATH variable
        2. CLASSPATH variable
  15. Can variables be used in Java without initialization?

    Ans: In Java, if a variable is used ina code without prior initialization by a valid value, program does
     not compile and gives an error as no default value is assigned to variables in Java.
  16. Can a class in Java be inherited from more than one class?

    Ans: In Java, a class can be derived from only one class and not from multiple classes. Multiple
    inheritances is not supported by Java.
  17. Can a constructor have different name than a Class name in Java?

    Ans: Constructor in Java must have same name as the class name and if the name is different, it does not
    act as a constructor and compiler thinks of it as a normal method.
  18. What will be the output of Round(3.7) and Ceill3.7)?

    Ans: Round(3.7) returns 4 and Ceil(3.7) returns 4.
  19. Can we use goto in Java to go to a particular line?

    Ans: In Java, there is not goto keyword and java doesn't support this feature of going to a particular
    labeled line.
  20. Can a dead thread be started again?

    Ans: In java, a thread which is in dead state can't be started again. There is no way to restart a dead
  21. Is the following class declaration correct?

        public abstract final class testClass{
            // Class methods and variables

    Ans: The above class declaration is incorrect as an abstract class can not be declared as Final.
  22. Is JDK required on each machine to run a Java program?

    Ans: JDK is development Kit of Java and is required for development only and to run a Java program on a
    machine, JDK isn't required. Only JRE is required.
  23. What's the difference between comparison done by equals method and == operator?

    Ans: In Java, equals() method is used to compare the contents of two string objects and returns true if
    the two have same value while == operator compares the references of two string objects.
    In the following example, equals() returns true as the two string objects have same values.
    However "==" operator returns false as both string objects are referencing to different objects:
        public class equalsTest {
          public static void main(String args[]) {
            String str1 = new String("Hello World");
            String str2 new String("Hello World");
            if (str1.equals(str2))
              // this condition is true 
              System.out.printin("str1 and str2 are equal in terms of values");
            if (str1== str2)
              //This condition is true
              System.out.println("Both strings are referencing same object");
            } else
                //This condition is NOT true
                System.out.println("Both strings are referencing different objects");
  24. Is it possible to define a method in Java class but provide it's implementation in the code of another language like C?

    Ans: Yes, we can do this by use of native methods. In case of native method based development, we define
    public static methods in our Java class without its implementation and then implementation is done in
    another language like C separately.
  25. How are destructors defined in Java?

    Ans: In Java, there are no destructors defined in the class as there is no need to do so. Java has its own
    garbage collection mechanism which does the job automatically by destroying the objects when no longer
  26. Can a variable be local and static at the same time?

    Ans: No a variable can't be static as well as local at the same time. Defining a local variable as static
    gives compilation error.
  27. Can we have static methods in an Interface?

    Ans: Static methods can not be overridden in any class while any methods in an interface are by default
    abstract and are supposed to be implemented in the classes being implementing the interface. So it makes
    no sense to have static methods in an interface in Java.
  28. In a class implementing an interface, can we change the value of any variable defined in the interface?

    Ans: No, we can not change the value of any variable of an interface in the implementing class as all
    variables defined in the interface are by default public, static and Final and final variables are like
    constants which can not be changed later.
  29. Is it correct to say that due to garbage collection feature in Java, a java program never goes out of memory?

    Ans: Even though automatic garbage collection is provided by Java, it does not ensure that a Java program
    will not go out of memory as there is a possibility that creation of Java objects is being done at a faster
    pace compared to garbage collection resulting in filling of all the available memory resources.
    So, garbage collection helps in reducing the chances of a program going out of memory but it does not
    ensure that.
  30. Can we have any other return type than void for main method?

    Ans: No, Java class main method can have only void return type for the program to get successfully
    executed. Nonetheless, if you absolutely must return a value to at the completion of main method, you can
    use System.exit(int status).
  31. I want to re-reach and use an object once it has been garbage collected. How it's possible?

    Ans: Once an object has been destroyed by garbage collector, it no longer exists on the heap and it can not
    be accessed again. There is no way to reference it again.
  32. In Java thread programming, which method is a must implemetation for all threads?

    Ans: Run() is a method of Runnable interface that must be implemented by all threads.
  33. I want to control database connections in my program and want that only one thread should be able to make database connection at a time. How can I implement this logic?

    Ans: This can be implemented by use of the concept of synchronization. Database related code can be placed
    in a method which hs synchronized keyword so that only one thread can access it at a time.
  34. How can an exception be thrown manually by a programmer?

    Ans: In order to throw an exception in a block of code manually, throw keyword is used. Then this exception
    is caught and handled in the catch block.
      public void topMethod() {
        try {
        }catch(ManualException e){}
      public void excMethod{
        String name=null;
        if(name == null}{
            throw (new ManualException("Exception thrown manually ");
  35. I want my class to be developed in sucha way that no other class (even derived class) can create its objects. How can I do so?

    Ans: If we declare the constructor of a class as private, it will not be accessible by any other class and
    hence, no other class will be able to instantiate it and formation of its object will be limited to itself
  36. How objects are stored in Java?

    Ans: In java, each object when created gets a memory space from a heap. When an object is destroyed by a
    garbage collector, the space allocated to it from the heap is re-allocated to the heap and becomes
    available for any new objects.
  37. How can we find the actual size of an object on the heap?

    Ans: In java, there is no way to find out the exact size of an object on the heap.
  38. Which of the following classes will have more memory allocated?

    Class A: Three methods, four variables, no object
    Class B: Five methods, three variables, no object

    Ans: Memory is not allocated before creation of objects. Since for both classes, there are no objects
    created so no memory is allocated on heap for any class.
  39. What happens if an exception is not handled in a program?

    Ans: If an exception is not handled in a program using try catch blocks, program gets aborted and no
    statement executes after the statement which caused exception throwing.
  40. I have multiple constructors defined in a class. Is it possible to call a constructor from another constructor's body?

    Ans: If a class has multiple constructors, it's possible to call one constructor from the body of
    another one using this().
  41. What's meant by anonymous class?

    Ans: An anonymous class is a class defined without any name in a single line of code using new keyword.
    For example, in below code we have defined an anonymous class in one line of code:
      public java.util.Enumeration testMethod()
        return new java.util.Enumeration()
          public boolean hasMoreElements()
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return false;
          public Object nextElement()
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return null; 
  42. Is there a way to increase the size of an array after its declaration?

    Ans: Arrays are static and once we have specified its size, we can not change it. If we want to use such
    collections where we may require a change of size ( no of items), we should prefer vector Over array.
  43. If an application has multiple classes in it, is it okay to have a main method in more than one class?

    Ans: If there is main method in more than one classes in a java application, it will not cause any issue
    as entry point for any application will be a specific class and code will start from the main method of
    that particular class only.
  44. I want to persist data of objects for later use. What's the best approach to do so?

    Ans: The best way to persist data for future use is to use the concept of serialization.
  45. What is a Local class in Java?

    Ans: In Java, if we define a new class inside a particular block, it is called a local class. Such a class
    has local scope and is not usable outside the block where its defined.
  46. String and StringBuffer both represent String objects. Can we compare String and StringBuffer in Java?

    Ans: Although String and StringBuffer both represent String objects, we can not compare them with each other
    and if we try to compare them, we get an error.
  47. Which APl is provided by Java for operations on set of objects?

    Ans: Java provides a Collection APl which provides many useful methods which can be applied on a set of
    objects. Some of the important classes provided by Collection API include ArrayList, Hash Map, TreeSet
    and TreeMap.
  48. Can we cast any other type to Boolean Type with type casting?

    Ans: No, we can neither cast any other primitive type to Boolean data type nor can cast Boolean data type
    to any other primitive data type.
  49. Can we use different return types for methods when overridden?

    Ans: The basic requirement of method overriding in Java is that the overridden method should have same
    name, and parameters.But a method can be overridden with a different return type as long as the new return
    type extends the original.
    For example, method is returning a reference type.
      Class B extends A {
        A method(int x){
          // original method
        B method(int x){
          //overridden method
  50. What's the base class of all exception classes?

    Ans: In Java, Java.lang.Throwable is the super class of all exception classes and all exception classes are
    derived from this base class.
  51. What's the order of call of constructors in inheritiance?

    Ans: In case of inheritance, whena new object of a derived class is created, first the constructor of the
    super class is invoked and then the constructor of the derived class is invoked.

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